Problems

Poaching and Hunting Poaching is of course the most critacal problem this reserve has been facing for a long time. In fact apart from individuals mainly there are few identified shikari communities who are indulged in wildlife poaching in the reserve. Investigations have revealed that in last tiger /leopard poaching during 2002-2004 mainly shikaris of Bawaria, Mev and Banjara community were involved.
To counter this problem course Strengthening protection measures like effective day and night patrolling is a must at the level of the reserve management but that alone will not be able to solve the problem permanently as for some communities this poaching is the only source of their lively hood. Particularly the Bawaria community people are like nomads. They have serious identity crisis. Governments both at central as well as state level have come up with several schemes to support thr poor people still these people who are poorest of the poor are deprived of all of these schemes. They have not been issued Ration Cards/ B.P.L.cards. They have been kept deprived even from benefits of Govt.Of Indiaís embitious National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme. This shikari community needs to be rehabilitated at an earliest. Along with providing them all the benefits of various governmental schemes they should be provided with other gainful employment opportunities in order to deviate them from earning their lively hood from poaching of wild animals. Rehabilitation & impoverishment of this community is on the top of agenda of Sariska Tiger Foundation.

Deforestation and Habitat loss Sarika is a huge reserve. Its length stretched between North and South is more than 80 k.m. threre are 28 villlages located within the reserve out of which 11 fall inside the National park it self. In addition to this there are about 300 villages located on the periphery of the reserve and the population of these villages is mostly dependant upon forest resources of this reserve for day to day requirements like fodder and fuel wood/timber. These villages are mostly inhabited by Gujar community whose main occupation is cattle rearing. Road Rage Two tar roads of State High Way status namely No: 13A and 29 pass through the heart of the reserve. Thousands of people & luggage carriage including huge trucks pass over these roads every day. This unrestricted transport is one of the serious most threats to the reserve and its wild life particularly tiger. Several wild animals get killed by this traffic every year.

Man Animal Conflict Conflict between cattle rearers and reserve management has become a day to day affair. The huge cattle population from villages located in side and on the periphery is not competing with the herbivore population of the reserve for food and water but also contaminates water in side the reserve which is the chief reason responsible for diseases in the wild life of the reserve.
The cattle freely roaming inside the reserve are likely to be killed/injured by tiger/leopard. These incidences provoke the cattle owners to kill the tiger /leopard easily by spraying poison on the partially eaten carcass of such cattle. In recent past this has emerged as one of the serious most threats to tigerís survival in the wilderness.

Minning in Tahla Range Till few years back the southern portion of Sariska falling under its Tahla range had been under severe exploitation by greedy business people for marble mining. Though this mining has been put to halt by the epex court of the country but mining around the reserve is still continuing in a huge way. This activity has destroyed the corridor and free movement of long ranging animals like tiger and leopard has been hampered.

Pandupole Temple The Pandupole temple located in the heart of the core attracts thousands of devotees every day especially during monsoon period which is a critical time from wild lifeís point of view. The 21 km. long road stretched between the temple and Sariska H.Q. get blocked by the vehicular traffic of the pilgrims. This is an ever growing problem with which the reserve management is confronting every day. In a democratic set up like India this sensitive issue can not become governmentís priority unless it becomes peopleís voice.

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