Poaching and Hunting
Poaching is of course the most critacal problem this reserve has been facing for a long time. In fact apart from individuals
mainly there are few identified shikari communities who are indulged in wildlife poaching in the reserve.
Investigations have revealed that in last tiger /leopard poaching during 2002-2004 mainly shikaris of Bawaria,
Mev and Banjara community were involved.
Deforestation and Habitat loss Sarika is a huge reserve. Its length stretched between North and South is more than 80 k.m. threre are 28 villlages located within the reserve out of which 11 fall inside the National park it self. In addition to this there are about 300 villages located on the periphery of the reserve and the population of these villages is mostly dependant upon forest resources of this reserve for day to day requirements like fodder and fuel wood/timber. These villages are mostly inhabited by Gujar community whose main occupation is cattle rearing. Road Rage Two tar roads of State High Way status namely No: 13A and 29 pass through the heart of the reserve. Thousands of people & luggage carriage including huge trucks pass over these roads every day. This unrestricted transport is one of the serious most threats to the reserve and its wild life particularly tiger. Several wild animals get killed by this traffic every year.
Man Animal Conflict
Conflict between cattle rearers and reserve management has become a day to day affair. The huge cattle
population from villages located in side
and on the periphery is not competing with the herbivore population of the reserve for food and water but
also contaminates water in side the reserve which is the chief reason responsible for diseases in the wild
life of the reserve.
Minning in Tahla Range Till few years back the southern portion of Sariska falling under its Tahla range had been under severe exploitation by greedy business people for marble mining. Though this mining has been put to halt by the epex court of the country but mining around the reserve is still continuing in a huge way. This activity has destroyed the corridor and free movement of long ranging animals like tiger and leopard has been hampered.
Pandupole Temple The Pandupole temple located in the heart of the core attracts thousands of devotees every day especially during monsoon period which is a critical time from wild lifeís point of view. The 21 km. long road stretched between the temple and Sariska H.Q. get blocked by the vehicular traffic of the pilgrims. This is an ever growing problem with which the reserve management is confronting every day. In a democratic set up like India this sensitive issue can not become governmentís priority unless it becomes peopleís voice.
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